SINGAPORE TI MI CU …

SINGAPORE TI MI CU …

Salai Lal Ram Lian 
 

Dungthu (Background):

Singapore tikulh ah hin B.C 2000-1500 hrawng ihsin minung an rak um thawk ding tiih zum a si. Tikulh fate 63 a um. Portuguese, Japanese, Britain, tvk., in an rak uk dah. 

Tuih Singapore ram cu 1819 ah English mi Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles in a rak din. 1946 ah Britain ih Crown Colony pakhat ah tuah a si. 1959 ah mahte ukawknak a ngah ih Lee Kwan Yew cu Prime Minister hmaisabik a si. Sept 16, 1963 ah The Federation of Malaysia ti mi Malaya, Sabah (North Borneo), le Sarawak kawmkhawm cu a zawm. Asinan, Aug 9, 1965 ah himi ihsin a suak sal ih mahte zalennak a ngah. 

A Hmin:

Singapore ti mi hmin hi Malay tawng Singa (Lion) le Pura (City) ihsin ra a si. Himi a tawng hram ngaingai cu Sanskrit tawng Sinha (Kiosa) le Pura (Khawpi) ihsin ra a si. Curuangah Singapore ti cu “Kiosa Khawpi” (Lion City) tinak a si. 

A Ram Dinhmun:

South East Asia ih um a si ih Malaysia le Indonesia ram karlak ah a um. A ram kauh lam hi 697 sq.km (267 sq.mi) a si ih Leilung: 687 sq.km le Tidai: 10 sq.km a si. Leitlun ram kauh lamah 192nk a si. Washington, D.C hnakin a let 3.5 thain a tumdeuh. A ram sannakbik cu Bukit Timah tlangmual a si ih 166m (pi 538) lawng a sang. 

(a) Miphun:

Tuluk 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, Adang 1.4%  

(b) Tawng:

Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, Tuluk tawng dang 1.8%, Adang 0.9%.  

(c) Sakhua:

Buddhist 43%, Christian 15 % (Protestant 10%, Roman Catholic 5%), Muslim 15%, Taoist 9%, Hindu 4%, Adang 0.7%, Sakhua Nei lo 15%.

(d) Zung Tawng:

Zung Tawng (Official Language) 4 a um ih English, Tuluk, Malay le Hindi an si. Asinan mipi ih hman tlangpibik Tlang Tawng (Common Language) cu Mirang le Tuluk a si deuhbik. 

(e) Mipum:

Mipum 4,840,600 (July 2009) an um ih leitlun ah mipum tambik ram 117nk a si. Nunau 100 ah mipa 95 an um. Mipum bitdan hi Peng 1 kimvel ah 18,898 a si. 

Mipum lakah Rammi (Citizen) hi 3.64 mil.  le Ramdangmi hnatuan, tlawngkai, tvk., ih um hi 1.2 mil. an si. Ramdangmi lakah 70% cu hnatuan le 30% cu PR (Permannent Resident) an si. PR hi 533,000 an um. Ramdangmi hnatuan zate’n 870,000 tluk an um ih WP (Work Permit) thawi hnatuan – 757,000, EP (Employment Pass) le S-Pass (Special Pass) kaitu – 110,000 hrawng an um. Himi lakah Hnenum 190,000 (a hrek tluk cu Indonesian) le Construction ih tuan – 230,000 an um. Tlawngkai ih um hi 85,000 hrawng an si. Kawlrammi hi 50,000 lenglo um dingih zum a si ih tlawngkai ih um hi 7000 hrawng an si.  Rammi (citizen) ih zatek 40% cu Singapore ih suak lo, ramdangmi lakluh mi an si. PR hi kum tinte an la bet ringring ih 1990 ah Rammi 23 ah PR 1, 2000 ah Rammi 10 ah PR 1 le 2009 ah cun Rammi 6 ah PR 1 a si thlang. Rammi le PR hi an lak bet vivo lo (lole) an karh lo ih nau neih zat a karh lo asile 2020 ah cun mipum hi an tumsuk ding ti’n an zum. 2030 ah mipum mil. 6.5 kim dingih an tumtahnak hlawhtling ding cun tui hnu kum 5 sungah Rammi 40,000 le PR 200,000 an lak bet a tul ti a si.  

Zemrualin nunau 1 ih nau neih zat hi 1.29 lawng a si. 2007 kum ah neiaw 23,966 an um. Singaporean pitling lakah zatek 33% (1/3) cu nupi-pasal nei lo, leng-u le val-u an si.  

Singaporean ramdang ih hnatuan le tlawngkai hi 153,500 an um ih a hleicein Australia, UK, US le Tuluk ah a si bik. Singapore ih ra tlawngtu tambik hi Britain ihsin a si ih a sangtu ah Germany ram a si. Rammipawl lawng hi Taxi mawn an siang. Rammi (citizen) cun ram 150 ah visa tul loin duhtawk a tlawng thei. 

(f) Dam kum:

Zemrualih minung dam kum (life expectancy) hi kum 81.98 a si. Mipa: 79.37 le Nunau: 84.78 a si ih leitlun ah dam reibik 4nk a si. 

(g) Cathiam

Kum 15 tlun ngan thei, siar thei. Cathiam zatek: 93 % (Mipa 96.6%, Nunau 88.6%). 

(h) Kuakfawp:

1998: 30.3% (Mipa 27.1%, Nunau 3.2%)

2004: 25.3% (Mipa 21.8%, Nunau 3.5%)

Mipa kuakfawp an tumsuk nan nunau kuakfawp cu an karhsawn. Singapore dan ah kum 18 hnuai cu zu, kuak le kuak lam thilri lei sian a si lo. Hmun pawimawh tampi, zung, innpi, dawrpi, rawldawr, tvk., khal kuakfawh kham a si.  

TV, TEL: le Internet

Telephone line – 1.857 mil. (leitlun ah 59nk)

Mobile Line : 6.375 mil. (leitlun ah 77nk)

Ram Telephone Code: +65.

Radio: AM 0, FM 19, Shortwave 1

T.V: 1 (Channel 8 a um).

Internet Ram Code: .sg

Internet Neitu : 864,943 (leitlun ah 43nk)

Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 9

Internet Hmangtu : 3.37 mil. (leitlun ah 55nk)

Airport : 8 

Adang

Leitlun ah eithup malbik 3nk (2009) a si. Hnatuan nei lo zatek : 2.2% (2008) an um ih leitlun ih malbik 23nk a si. Cun leitlun ram dangdang lairelnak tuah tamnakbik 3nk le leitlun ih lawngcawlhnak tumbik a si. Naute thi malbik ram pakhat a si fawn. Leitlun sumdawnnak thabik khawpi ah New York sangtu a si. Cozah hnatuantu hlawh sangbik ram pakhat a si. Leitlun bank thabik 50 lakah Singapore bank 3 (DBS- 24nk, UOB – 35nk, OCBC-36nk) an tel. Asia ihsin Singapore le Japan lawng an tel ih Japan bank Shizuoka Bank cu 48nk a si.  

Changi Airport cu leitlun ih tumbik le lunbik 3nk a si. Airline 81 thawn zarh tin vawi 4220 in ram 59, khawpi 192 ah a zam ringring. Terminal 3 a um. Cun nunau le mipa hlawh khal a tanaw tuk lo. Zemrualin nunaupawl in mipa hlawh ih 86.7% an hlawh thei ve.  

Guinness World Records ah bik sinak 100 ngankhum mi a nei. Tt. SMS kuat cakbik, Bawli hri saubik, Cream Cracker ei rang theibik, tvk.Cun leitlun ih PK (cekcek) zuarlonak, umlonak ram umsun a si men thei. PK hin ram a balter an ti ruangah zuar le keu sian a si lo. 

Prime Ministers

1959-2009 tiang kum 50 sungah PM 3 lawng an um.  

      1959 – Lee Kuan Yew

      1990 – Goh Chok Tong

      2004 – Lee Hsien Loong 

Cozah Hlawh

Leitlun ah cozah hnatuantu hlawh thabik ram pakhat a si. President ih kum 1 hlawh hi S$ 3,870,000 (US$ 2,800,000 hrawng) a si ih USA president ih kum 1 hlawh hi $400,000 a si. US ih Senior Advisor, Chief of Staff pawl kum 1 hlawh hi US$ 72,000 a si.

      Sinak Thla 1 hlawh   Kum 1 hlawh

      President  119,520  3,870,000

      Prime Minister  115,920  3,760,000

      Minister/Senior Permanet

    Secretary (MR4)     59,760  1,940,000

      Entry Superscale Grade (SR9)    18,240      398,000

      Member of Parliament    13,710     225,000 

Rawn : (1) Internet

            (2) The Straits Times 

FCFS Magazine Avei(3)nak ta a si.

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2 Comments

  1. Henry vl Hmangaih says:

    Rual Liante, Na ca rawn thlah mi cu hna a vang ter zet. Theihnak kautertu le cinken ding hrangih thil tha an si ..

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