Hlan‬ San Leitlun ih Mangbangza Pasarih

(The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World)

Šianglianuk Ķianghrol 

downloadHlan san leitlun ih mangbangza pasarih hi Greek ttong hmannak khawvel ah Jesuh khrih piansuah hlan kum zabi malte ihsin a rung suak mi cazin a si. Himi mangbangza pasarih cazin hi thiamzunglam themthiamnak (arsistry) simaw, a dinsuahnak hrangih engineering lam thiamnak langsarnak simaw, an tung le phei kauhnak simaw ihsin an hril suah mi an si.

Mangbangza pasarih cazin rak tuahtu hi mi tampi an um nan Sidon mi Antipater (Antipater of Sidon) le Byzantim mi Philo (Philo of Byzantium) ih tuah mi cazin hi an langsar deuh. Herodotus (484 BC–ca. 425 BC) le Cyrene mi Callimachus (ca. 305-240 BC) khal in an rak tuah ve. A langsar bik mi le hmaisabik mi “Antipater ih cazin” hi 140 BC hrawng ih rak tuah mi a si ih, Alexandria ih Tleu-inn tel lo in a dang paruk a rak telh.

Hlan san leitlun ih mangbangza pasarih cu:

1. ‪#‎Giza‬ Mualpawng ih um Khufu Siangpahrang ih Pyramid Ropi (The Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza)
2551- 2470 BC hrawngih rak dinsuah mi a si. Milaihrin ih sakserlam hlawhtlinnak ropibik pakhat (one of humankind’s greatest architectural achievements) a si ih, kum 4000 sung lenglo cu leitlun ih building sangbik dinhmun luahtu a si.

2. ‪#‎Hmuandum‬ Thlai-aw (The Hanging Gardens)
810-560 BC hrawngih rak um a si an zum. Iraq ram saklam ih um, mawi ding ih cei mi cangdawl thuah aw so vivo hmuandum kau zet a si. Hlanthilveitupawl (archaeologists) in Babylon khawlipi siat lakah thuanthu sungih a um mi Hmuandum Thlai-aw ih sulhnu hmuh ngah tum in kum sawmbi tampi an zuam rero zo nan, zianghman an hmu hrih lo ti theih a si lai. Iraq ram, Babylon ramkulh ih Baylon ah simaw, Nineveh ramkulh ih Nineveh ah simaw, a um ding tiah an zum.

3. ‪#‎Olympia‬ Tlang ih Zeus Khuavang Pathian ih Lem (The Statue of Zeus at Olympia)
430 BC hrawngih rak dinsuah mi a si. Sui le saiho thawi’ tuah mi milem a si ih pii 40 a sang. Greek ram sung ih sunlawih hlawhbik thiamzunglam themthiamnak kutsuak a si. Himi milem hi Olympic Lehpannak hmaisalam ahkhan thlavang rak hauhtu milem tumpi a si. AD zabi 5 le paruk lai ah an phelhdarh ih Constantinople khawpi ah an bun sal. Asinan lehhnu ah mei a kang.

4. ‪#‎Efesa‬ Khawpi ih Artemis Khuavang Pathiannu ih Biakttheng (The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus)
Zabi pali BC hrawngih rak dinsuah mi Greek biakttheng a si ih, a tung le phei tumlam le khersuah mi milem ropi zetzet ruangah a hmin a thang. Zabi pali BC ah ka hmin hi thi thei nawn hlah seh ti’n Herostratus timi mi aa in a ur siat. Tui san Turkey ram ih um a si.

5. ‪#‎Halicarnassus‬ ih Thlanmual Ropi (The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus)
352 BC hrawngih rak dinsuah mi a si. Anatolian siangpahrang Mausolus in amah hngilhlonak hrangih a tuah mi thlan a si ih, a nupi in a run sak ttheh. A nupi hi a farnu khal a si.

6. ‪#‎Rhodes‬ Tikulh ih Helios ih Lem (The Colossus of Helios at Rhodes)
290 BC hrawngih rak dinsuah mi dar milem tumpi a si ih Liberty Milem (Statue of Liberty) thawn an tiat aw. Rhodes tikulh ah raldonaklam hlawhtlinnak cinken sunlawihnak hrangih an dinsuah mi a si. Linghnin ruangah a cim ih, a cimsiat mi khal cu kum 900 sung zikte khualtlawng pawl hiptu thupi pakhat a si lai.

7. ‪#‎Alexandria‬ ih Pharos Tleu-inn (The Pharos of Alexandria)
280 BC hrawngih saksuah mi tleu-inn (lighthouse) a si ih hlan san leitlun ih tleu-inn tum le hminthang bik a si. Egypt ram uktu Greek siangpahrang pakhat hrangih dinsuah mi a si ih, sakserlam santhuanthu ah sang ding hrimhrim ih saksuah hlawhtlin hmaisatbik mi building a si.

Sakserlam mangbangza cazin tuah idea hi Alexander Ropi in zabi pali BC ih (anmai’ an rak theih mi) leitlun hmun tamsawn a neh ihsin an run neih mi a si. Ziangahtile Alexander Ropi in ram tampi a neh tikah Greek miphun khualtlawng pawl cu anmah hnakih nunphung hlun sawn neitu Egypt miphun, Persian miphnun le Babylon miphun pawl ih hnenah an thleng. Greek pawl cun himi thil pawl hi “Mangbangzapawl” (Greek ‘thaumata’) ti si lo in ‘thlirmualpawl’ asilole “zoh ding thilpawl’ (theamata) tiah an tarlang sawn.

‪#‎Mangbangza‬ Pasarih pawl ih Hualvan
Hlan san ih sakserlam hlawhtlinnak sunglawibik pasarih lakih paruk cu can, khuarel (nature) le minung kut tuar in an siatral thluh timi hi thu dik theih nuam lo zet pakhat cu a si ve.

Colossus Milem cu a dinsuahnak kum 65 lawng a rei lai, 226 BC kum ih linghnin ruangah a cim ih, kum thawng khat sung deuhthaw a rei hnu ah suan tit (melted) ding in laak 900 thawn an phurh. Halicarnassus ih Thlanmual Ropi khal linghnin ruangah a siat ih, zabi 16 lai ah Khristian crusader pawl (Muslim dotu Khrihfa ralkap pawl) in ralbuk saknak ding ah an lak darh. Mangbangza pasarih lakih mawibik a si mi Artemis ih Biakttheng khal lungto mallai lawng an tang. Olympia Tlang ih Zeus ih Milem cu minung kut tuar in a siat. Hmuandum Thlai-aw cu khuitawk ciah ah a um ti an elbuai aw rero lai. Alexandria ih Pharos Tleu-inn khal 1303 kum ih Crete tikulh linghnin ruangah a siat.

A dinsuahnak thilri tum liailiai pawl ruangah thuh hloh le siatsuah a theih lo mi Pyramid lawng kum zabi tampi a run paltlangh thei. Laili san (medieval) ah Muslim pawl in pyramid lenglam phar ih lungvar ngil mawi pawl cu Cairo khawlipi ih lilawn le inn saknak hrangah an rak la hnuaihni ko nan, pyramid pawl hi hngetkhoh thawkhat zet in an ding ringring lai. Asinan hlan san Faraw siangpahrang pawl ih ropitnak langtertu pyramid pawl khal hi an nungdam ringring ding ti a theih lo. Zabi 19 ih siangpahrang sualral Mohammed Ali in a rak siatsuah dengmang. Mohammed Ali cu cetzung dinsuahnak le a ram sanmanternak (modernization) hrangah Egypt ram ih biakttheng ropibik pawl ih lungto a rak hmangtu a si. Pyramid Ropi ih lungto pawl khal la ding in khua a rak khang dah. Sumpai hlawknak ding tam sehla cun a rak tthiatdarh taktak men thei.

Mangbangza Pasarih An Hrilsuah Dan Kalhmang
Hlan san mangbangza pasarih cazin rak tuahtu hmaisabik hi Greek cangantu pawl an si ruangah mangbangza pasarih lak khal ah Greek miphun ih dinsuah mi panga an tel. Pyramid Ropi le Babylon ih Hmuandum Thlai-aw pahnih lawng hi Greek miphun ih dinsuah lo mi an si.

Lehhnu ih cangantu tthenkhat cun cazin dang deuh tla an run tuah. Tthimnak ah Alexandria ih Pharoah Tleu-inn aiawh ah Babylon Hruangkulhpawl (Walls of Babylon) an ret. Babylon Hruangkulhpawl peng 40 hrawng ih sau, pii 82 sang an si ih a tlunlam zim ah rang pali ih dirh mi rangleng pahnih an kian aw thei tiah hlan san cangantu pawl in an rak ngan. Roman bezaipu Martial cun mangbangza pasarih cazin ah Colosseum a telh ih, Khristian bishop Gregory of Tours cun Jerusalem ih Solomon Biakttheng a telh ve. Himi cangantu pawl hin an theih mi simaw, hmuh mi simaw, lawng an cazin ah an rak telh thei ruangah mangbangza pasarih hi leitlun pumpuluk ih thil ropibik an si thluh lo ti theih a si. An umnak ihsin peng thawng khat hrawng a hla mi China ih Hruangdawl Ropi tla hi ra hmu hai sehla cun an cazin cu a danglam deuh tengteng ding.

Egypt Hloh-zin-kual (The Egyptian Labyrinth = Kawl ih win-ka-ba an timi) khal hlan san leitlun ih sakserlam hlawhtlinnak hmuahhmuah hleih thluh theitu a si ding tiah a ruattu an um fawn.

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